Country Colombia

Explore historic and projected weather facts, and weather statistics with the aid of place, influences, most important vulnerabilities, and what edition measures are being taken. Explore the evaluation for a fashionable context of ways climate exchange is affecting Colombia. Click here


This page offers the climate context of Colombia for contemporary climatology, 1991-2020, acquired from observed ancient facts. The facts have to be used to construct a strong knowledge of current climate conditions to appreciate destiny weather scenarios and projected alternate. You can visualize records for modern climatology through spatial versions, seasonal cycles, or a time series. The analysis is available for both annual and seasonal information. Data presentation defaults to country-wide stage aggregation, even though sub-countrywide statistics aggregation may be accessed inside a rustic, using clicking on a sub-country-wide entity. Other historic climates may be selected from the Period dropdown listing. Data for unique coordinates can be downloaded within the data download web page.

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Seen, the ancient data has been prepared by using the Climate Research Unit (CRU) of the University of East Anglia. Data is supplied at 0.5º x zero.5º (50km x 50km) decision.

Colombia is recognized as a country of fantastic diversity, with a huge style of ecosystems, inclusive of paramos, mangroves, wetlands, coral reefs, glaciers, oceans, and tropical forests, in addition to sizable biodiversity and water assets. Colombia’s weather is tropical alongside the coast and jap lowlands, and cooler within the highlands and Andes. The USA’s topographic range defines three identified weather zones: a chilly quarter of excessive altitude (Tierra Fria), located above 2,000 meters (m) in elevation, with a mean annual temperature of 13ºC–17ºC, and a temperate zone (Tierra Templada). 


Is located in the middle. Between 1,000 m–2,000 m, with a mean annual temperature of approximately 18 °C, and a tropical sector (Tierra Caliente), which covers all areas under 1,000 m and with a mean annual temperature of 24 °C–27 °C. Covers temperature. The average annual rainfall is 2,630 mm, But there is good sized variability across the united states. The western Pacific coast and the Andean interior get hold of the highest amount of precipitation (about 6 mm–7,000 mm in step with 12 months), while the arid steppe climate in the north and southwest gets much less than 500 mm in keeping with 12 months. The Andean regions enjoy a bi-modal sample of rainfall throughout April–June, and October–December, at the same time as the northern Caribbean place, being in the direction of the equator, experiencing an unmarried rainy season between May–October. Is. Inter-annual rainfall variability is influenced by the aid of the El Nio Southern Oscillation (ENSO). ENSO brings dry and hot weather and La Nia is related to floods and cold climate in Colombia, in particular between June and August.


In mountainous regions, the temperature is immediately related to altitude. The average temperature uniformly decreases via approximately 3 levels Fahrenheit according to 1,000 ft of climb (0.6 degrees Celsius consistent with 100 meters). Popular terminology recognizes wonderful temperature zones (pisos termites), which might be once in a while known as Tierra Caliente (up to approximately 3,000 feet [900 m]), Tierra Template, or Tierra del Café (three,000 to 6,500 ft [900 to 2,000 m]). Is called. And Tierra Fria (6,500 to ten,000 ft [2,000 to 3,000 m]). The majority of Colombians stay in the inner cordillera within the Tierra Templada and Tierra Freia zones. Tierra Template receives slight rainfall and temperatures between 65 and seventy-five °F (18 and 24 °C).


Tierra Fria incorporates Bogotá, which is eight,660 feet (2,640 m) above sea degree, and receives an average of 223 days of precipitation, even though the common rainfall is barely forty inches (1,000 mm). The average temperature inside the town is 57 °F (14 °C). The climate of the high mountain regions—paramos from about 10,000 to fifteen,000 feet (3,000 to four, six hundred m)—is characterized by using mean temperatures of fifty °F (10 °C), fog, overcast skies, frequent winds, and light. Rain or drizzle. There is always snow and ice at altitudes above 15,000 ft (four, six hundred m).


The arid savanna climate prevails along the Caribbean coast from the Gulf of Morosquillo to the La Guajira Peninsula in the northeast. Rain generally falls in two brief durations (in April and October–November respectively), however rarely exceeds 30 inches (760 mm) yearly. Average temperatures are heat—over 81 °F (27 °C)—the everyday variety is maximum where humidity is low. This type of climate additionally happens inside the rain shadow of the deep valleys of rivers including the Patia, Caca, Chickamocha, and Zulia, and in elements of the Upper Magdalena Valley. The weather reaches close to-barren region situations within the ways northern department of La Guajira.